Saturday, January 14, 2012

ROSE GLOSSARY


At Rose Gardening World, you’ll find Rose Articles that will educate you about RosesRose Gardening Tips, Rose Growing Advice, Planting a Rose Garden, Rose Descriptions, Where to Buy Roses, Where to see Rose Gardens, Rose Culture, Rose History, and even Rose Verses all in one place. 

Welcome to the World of Rose Gardening or Rose Gardening World.  Visit Rose Gardening World often.  We welcome comments.  Take time and smell the rosesRoses have been around for millions of years which just prove that Roses are easy plants to grow contrary to popular belief. The Rose is also our National Floral Emblem and the state flower of several states. Happy Rose Gardening!

Here is a Rose Glossary to help you understand some rose terms and enjoy your rose gardening hobby to the fullest.

AARS – All American Rose Selections
ARS – American Rose Society
Anther – the part of the flower which produces pollen.  It is the upper section of the stem.
Balling – the clinging together of petals in wet weather so that the bloom fails to open and turns to brown color.
Bare-root – a rose dug up at the nursery and sold with no soil around the roots.
Basal shoot – a shoot arising from the neck or crown of the plant.
Blind shoot – a mature stem which fails to produce a flower.
Bract – a modified or reduced leaf that occurs beneath and next to a peduncle.
Bud Union – the swollen part of the stem where the scion of a grafted rose meets the understock.
Calyx - the green protective cover of a rose flower, composed of the sepals.       
Cane - one of the main stems of a rose plant. 
Corolla - the petals of a rose flower considered as a single unit.            
Cultivar - a named rose variety exhibiting distinct and consistent features, indicated by single quotation marks.  
Foliar feed – a fertilizer capable of being sprayed on and absorbed by the leaves.         
Hip - the fruit of a rose, large and decorative in some varieties.
Inflorescence – the arrangement of flowers on the stem.
Lateral branch – a side branch which arises from a main stem.         
Leaflet - the individual segment of a compound rose leaf.           
Node - the point on a stem from which leaves and buds emerge            
Old rose - strictly speaking, a rose introduced before 1867, but more loosely used to describe any rose grown or introduced before 1900. 
Once-blooming - a rose that flowers only once in early summer and does not repeat.   
Own root - a rose propagated as a cutting rather than by grafting.            
Peduncle - a stalk that supports a single flower or flower cluster.
Petal - the showy, usually colored part of a flower.            
Petiole - the stalk by which a leaf attaches to a stem; also leafstalk.           
Pistil - the female reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of an ovary, style, and stigma        
Pith – the spongy material at the center of the stem.
Pollen – the yellow dust produced by the anthers.  It is the male element which fertilizes the ovule.   
Prickle - the technical term for a rose thorn.   
Remontant – same as repeat flowering.
Recurrent flowering – same as repeat flowering.          
Rootstock - the root portion of a plant onto which the scion is grafted; also understock.   
Scion - a shoot grafted onto a rootstock; the "top" of a grafted rose.            
Sepal - one of the five individual, leaflike divisions of the calyx.            
Sport - a spontaneous genetic mutation, often resulting in a plant that bears flowers of a different color or with more or fewer petals than the original plant.          
Stamen - the male reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of a filament and anther.
Standard rose – a term used for tree rose.  
Stigma – the part of the female organ of the flower which catches the pollen.  
Stipule - a small, leaflike appendage that occurs at the base of the petiole.           
Sucker - a stem, usually unwanted, that originates from a rootstock.              

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